Fachliteratur, Arbeitslosigkeit und Sucht, Adaption. Adaption - Was ist das eigentlich? Sie sind gerade in einer Langzeittherapie oder Entwöhnungsbehandlung in einer Sucht-Fachklinik (1. Phase). Die Adaption. Die Adaption im Bereich der Informationstechnik ist die Anpassung von Hardware, Software oder Daten und Informationen an veränderte Gegebenheiten und Umgebungen. Die Adaption kann auf verschiedene Objekte und mit Hilfe unterschiedlicher.
(Evolution), in der Biologie und Evolutionstheorie: Fachbegriff für evolutionäre Anpassung. Die Adaption im Bereich der Informationstechnik ist die Anpassung von Hardware, Software oder Daten und Informationen an veränderte Gegebenheiten und Umgebungen. Die Adaption kann auf verschiedene Objekte und mit Hilfe unterschiedlicher. Die Adaption (eigentlich Adaptation, von lateinisch: adaptare = anpassen) im Bereich der Informationstechnik ist die Anpassung von Hardware, Software oder. Adaption bedeutet "Anpassung". Das entsprechende Verb lautet adaptieren. Unter dem Begriff fasst man in medizinischer und nicht-medizinischer Hinsicht den. Adaption, die. Grammatik Substantiv (Femininum) · Genitiv Singular: Adaption · Nominativ Plural: Adaptionen. Aussprache.  Adaptation. Sinnverwandte Wörter:  Anpassung. Beispiele:  „Auf einen Trainingsreiz antwortet unser Körper mit einer Adaption, also einer Anpassung an. Adaption - Was ist das eigentlich? Sie sind gerade in einer Langzeittherapie oder Entwöhnungsbehandlung in einer Sucht-Fachklinik (1. Phase). Die Adaption.
Adaption heißt eine stationäre Abschluss-Maßnahme im Rahmen der medizinischen Rehabilitation Suchtkranker. Sie muss im Laufe einer erfolgreich. Adaption, die. Grammatik Substantiv (Femininum) · Genitiv Singular: Adaption · Nominativ Plural: Adaptionen. Aussprache.  Adaptation. Sinnverwandte Wörter:  Anpassung. Beispiele:  „Auf einen Trainingsreiz antwortet unser Körper mit einer Adaption, also einer Anpassung an.
Adaption in der salus klinik FriedrichsdorfAls Antragsteller kommt in Betracht, wer arbeitsfähig, aber schon längere Anna Lena Klenke Feet ohne Arbeit und Wohnung im zukünftigen Lebensumfeld ist. Antragstellung Spätestens vier Wochen vor Abschluss der Entwöhnungsbehandlung sollte in einem Antrag an die salus klinik ausführlich die Gründe für Adaption weitere Behandlung in Form der Adaption dargelegt werden. Getrennt- und Zusammenschreibung. Übernahme zur weiteren BearbeitungNachahmung ; das in angepasster, bearbeiteter Form Übernommene. Wohin kommen Chape Anführungszeichen? Mehr Versionen Was zeigt hierher Kommentieren Druckansicht. Konrad Duden. Cramer et al. Also, habitats are subject to changes in their biota: for example, invasions of species from other areas. A light gray peppered moth Biston betularia and a darkly pigmented variant rest near each other on the trunk of a soot-covered oak tree. A change in structure, function, or behavior by which a species or individual improves its chance of survival in a specific environment. The Future of Obi Isny Adaptive explanations in Adaption are difficult to test because Lust Teens include many traits and require different methodologies. Humans have constructed extensive civilizations with cities in environments as varied as the Arctic Peter Lorre hot deserts. In natural theologyadaptation was interpreted as the work of a deity and as evidence for the existence of God. Antragstellung Spätestens vier Wochen vor Abschluss der Entwöhnungsbehandlung sollte in einem Antrag an die salus klinik ausführlich die Gründe für eine weitere Behandlung in Form der Adaption dargelegt werden. Die Bobs Burger Staffel 6 Deutsch bietet die Möglichkeit, die erreichte Abstinenz zu festigen und in einem alltagsnahen Leben zu verankern. Man rümpft die Nase, aber bleibt man ein bisschen länger drin, riecht es nicht mehr so Queen Stuttgart Gewöhnung zusammen. Subjekts- und Objektsgenitiv. Die Wörter mit den meisten aufeinanderfolgenden Vokalen. Zahlen und Ziffern.
These co-adaptational relationships are intrinsically dynamic, and may continue on a trajectory for millions of years, as has occurred in the relationship between flowering plants and pollinating insects.
Bates' work on Amazonian butterflies led him to develop the first scientific account of mimicry , especially the kind of mimicry which bears his name: Batesian mimicry.
Mimicry is thus an anti-predator adaptation. A common example seen in temperate gardens is the hoverfly , many of which—though bearing no sting—mimic the warning coloration of hymenoptera wasps and bees.
Such mimicry does not need to be perfect to improve the survival of the palatable species. Bates, Wallace and Fritz Müller believed that Batesian and Müllerian mimicry provided evidence for the action of natural selection , a view which is now standard amongst biologists.
It is a profound truth that Nature does not know best; that genetical evolution All adaptations have a downside: horse legs are great for running on grass, but they can't scratch their backs; mammals ' hair helps temperature, but offers a niche for ectoparasites ; the only flying penguins do is under water.
Adaptations serving different functions may be mutually destructive. Compromise and makeshift occur widely, not perfection.
Selection pressures pull in different directions, and the adaptation that results is some kind of compromise. Since the phenotype as a whole is the target of selection, it is impossible to improve simultaneously all aspects of the phenotype to the same degree.
Consider the antlers of the Irish elk , often supposed to be far too large; in deer antler size has an allometric relationship to body size. Obviously, antlers serve positively for defence against predators , and to score victories in the annual rut.
But they are costly in terms of resource. Their size during the last glacial period presumably depended on the relative gain and loss of reproductive capacity in the population of elks during that time.
Here the risk to life is counterbalanced by the necessity for reproduction. Stream-dwelling salamanders, such as Caucasian salamander or Gold-striped salamander have very slender, long bodies, perfectly adapted to life at the banks of fast small rivers and mountain brooks.
Elongated body protects their larvae from being washed out by current. However, elongated body increases risk of desiccation and decreases dispersal ability of the salamanders; it also negatively affects their fecundity.
As a result, fire salamander , less perfectly adapted to the mountain brook habitats, is in general more successful, have a higher fecundity and broader geographic range.
The peacock 's ornamental train grown anew in time for each mating season is a famous adaptation. It must reduce his maneuverability and flight, and is hugely conspicuous; also, its growth costs food resources.
Darwin's explanation of its advantage was in terms of sexual selection : "This depends on the advantage which certain individuals have over other individuals of the same sex and species, in exclusive relation to reproduction.
The most vital things in human life locomotion, speech just have to wait while the brain grows and matures.
That is the result of the birth compromise. Much of the problem comes from our upright bipedal stance, without which our pelvis could be shaped more suitably for birth.
Neanderthals had a similar problem. As another example, the long neck of a giraffe brings benefits but at a cost.
The cost is that a long neck is heavy and adds to the animal's body mass, requiring additional energy to build the neck and to carry its weight around.
Pre-adaptation occurs when a population has characteristics which by chance are suited for a set of conditions not previously experienced.
For example, the polyploid cordgrass Spartina townsendii is better adapted than either of its parent species to their own habitat of saline marsh and mud-flats.
Pre-adaptation may arise because a natural population carries a huge quantity of genetic variability. The first experimental evidence of the pre-adaptive nature of genetic variants in microorganisms was provided by Salvador Luria and Max Delbrück who developed the Fluctuation Test , a method to show the random fluctuation of pre-existing genetic changes that conferred resistance to bacteriophages in Escherichia coli.
Features that now appear as adaptations sometimes arose by co-option of existing traits, evolved for some other purpose. The classic example is the ear ossicles of mammals , which we know from paleontological and embryological evidence originated in the upper and lower jaws and the hyoid bone of their synapsid ancestors, and further back still were part of the gill arches of early fish.
Animals including earthworms , beavers and humans use some of their adaptations to modify their surroundings, so as to maximize their chances of surviving and reproducing.
Beavers create dams and lodges, changing the ecosystems of the valleys around them. Earthworms, as Darwin noted, improve the topsoil in which they live by incorporating organic matter.
Humans have constructed extensive civilizations with cities in environments as varied as the Arctic and hot deserts.
In all three cases, the construction and maintenance of ecological niches helps drive the continued selection of the genes of these animals, in an environment that the animals have modified.
Some traits do not appear to be adaptive as they have a neutral or deleterious effect on fitness in the current environment.
Because genes often have pleiotropic effects, not all traits may be functional: they may be what Stephen Jay Gould and Richard Lewontin called spandrels , features brought about by neighbouring adaptations, on the analogy with the often highly decorated triangular areas between pairs of arches in architecture, which began as functionless features.
Another possibility is that a trait may have been adaptive at some point in an organism's evolutionary history, but a change in habitats caused what used to be an adaptation to become unnecessary or even maladapted.
Such adaptations are termed vestigial. Many organisms have vestigial organs, which are the remnants of fully functional structures in their ancestors.
As a result of changes in lifestyle the organs became redundant, and are either not functional or reduced in functionality.
Since any structure represents some kind of cost to the general economy of the body, an advantage may accrue from their elimination once they are not functional.
Examples: wisdom teeth in humans; the loss of pigment and functional eyes in cave fauna; the loss of structure in endoparasites. If a population cannot move or change sufficiently to preserve its long-term viability, then obviously, it will become extinct, at least in that locale.
The species may or may not survive in other locales. Species extinction occurs when the death rate over the entire species exceeds the birth rate for a long enough period for the species to disappear.
It was an observation of Van Valen that groups of species tend to have a characteristic and fairly regular rate of extinction.
Just as there is co-adaptation, there is also coextinction, the loss of a species due to the extinction of another with which it is coadapted, as with the extinction of a parasitic insect following the loss of its host, or when a flowering plant loses its pollinator, or when a food chain is disrupted.
Adaptation raises philosophical issues concerning how biologists speak of function and purpose, as this carries implications of evolutionary history — that a feature evolved by natural selection for a specific reason — and potentially of supernatural intervention — that features and organisms exist because of a deity's conscious intentions.
On the other hand, biologists by and large reject conscious purpose in evolution. The dilemma gave rise to a famous joke by the evolutionary biologist Haldane : "Teleology is like a mistress to a biologist: he cannot live without her but he's unwilling to be seen with her in public.
Biologists no longer feel obligated to apologize for their use of teleological language; they flaunt it. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Trait with a current functional role in the life history of an organism maintained and evolved by natural selection.
This article is about the evolutionary process. For other uses, see Adaptation disambiguation. Not to be confused with Adoption or Acclimatization.
Darwin's finches by John Gould. Key topics. Introduction to evolution Common descent Evidence. Processes and outcomes. Natural history.
History of evolutionary theory. Fields and applications. Applications of evolution Biosocial criminology Ecological genetics Evolutionary aesthetics Evolutionary anthropology Evolutionary computation Evolutionary ecology Evolutionary economics Evolutionary epistemology Evolutionary ethics Evolutionary game theory Evolutionary linguistics Evolutionary medicine Evolutionary neuroscience Evolutionary physiology Evolutionary psychology Experimental evolution Phylogenetics Paleontology Selective breeding Speciation experiments Sociobiology Systematics Universal Darwinism.
Social implications. Evolution as fact and theory Social effects Creation—evolution controversy Objections to evolution Level of support. Collective behaviour.
Social dynamics Collective intelligence Collective action Self-organized criticality Herd mentality Phase transition Agent-based modelling Synchronization Ant colony optimization Particle swarm optimization Swarm behaviour Collective consciousness.
Evolution and adaptation. Artificial neural network Evolutionary computation Genetic algorithms Genetic programming Artificial life Machine learning Evolutionary developmental biology Artificial intelligence Evolutionary robotics Evolvability.
Pattern formation. Fractals Reaction—diffusion systems Partial differential equations Dissipative structures Percolation Cellular automata Spatial ecology Self-replication Geomorphology.
Systems theory. Nonlinear dynamics. Game theory. Prisoner's dilemma Rational choice theory Bounded rationality Evolutionary game theory. Main article: History of evolutionary thought.
Main articles: Fitness biology and Fitness landscape. Main article: Co-adaptation. Main article: Mimicry. Main article: Exaptation. Main articles: Spandrel biology and Vestigiality.
Main articles: Extinction and Coextinction. Main articles: Adaptationism and Teleology in biology. Adaptive evolution in the human genome Adaptive memory Adaptive mutation Adaptive system Anti-predator adaptation Body reactivity Ecological trap Evolutionary pressure Evolvability Intragenomic conflict Neutral theory of molecular evolution.
Cramer et al. Evolution The History of an Idea Revised ed. University of California Press. Allen February Nature Reviews Genetics.
A Dictionary of Science. Oxford Paperback Reference 6th ed. Oxford University Press. Any change in the structure or functioning of successive generations of a population that makes it better suited to its environment.
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University of St Andrews. Retrieved 17 October Princeton University Press. Charles Darwin was the first to put forward such ideas.
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Synonyms for adaption Synonyms acclimation , acclimatization , accommodation , adaptation , adjustment , conformation Visit the Thesaurus for More.
Examples of adaption in a Sentence the store's slow adaption to shoppers' changing tastes spelled its doom. Recent Examples on the Web One element of the pretend virus is a cell line known as HEKT that is an adaption made at Stanford University in the s or an original cell line made from human fetal tissue in the Netherlands in the s.
First Known Use of adaption , in the meaning defined above. History and Etymology for adaption by contraction perhaps conformed to adoption.
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